Editor's Note: To celebrate Independence Day, we thought we'd revisit this patriotic-themed post from the 2719 Hyperion Archives, originally published in July of 2007.
America on Parade was the centerpiece of the Bicentennial celebrations at both Disneyland and Walt Disney World in 1976. Disney World was still relatively new and the elaborate parade represented the most extensive entertainment offering the resort had brought forth up until that point.
The parade, which premiered in June of 1975 and ran until September of 1976, combined traditional Disney characters with an entirely new cast of stylized creations called the “People of America.” Numbering over 300, the “People of America” were akin to the doll-like figures of It’s a Small World, but grown up, enlarged and much more elaborate in both costume and setting. Floats were themed to a wide range of subjects, encompassing everything from the first Thanksgiving to women’s suffrage. Perhaps the most famous and notable of the floats was the large oversize rocking chair featuring Betsy Ross sewing an equally oversize American flag.
The endeavor was two years in the making and the creative talents behind it were challenged to present something that was happy and whimsical, yet did not diminish the historical significance of the Bicentennial celebration. A souvenir book on the parade described some of that early concept brainstorming:
Because of Disney's vast experience and expertise in producing entertainments on a grand scale, it was very fitting, as America came to its 200th anniversary, that Walt Disney's company take a leading role in using Disneyland and Walt Disney World as a showcase for the best that America has been and has to offer.
Thus, the long task of collecting reference material on which to create this new and exciting event began. From the outset, the project's goal was not to glorify the famous wars of America, as others had done in the past. Instead, the purpose is to present the lighter, more beautiful aspects of America, those things which have helped make it a great nation. Research on America's history, people, achievements and life-styles was conducted for nearly a year. Thousands of man-hours went into producing the basic concept for a parade... for more than a parade.
As the concept unfolded, it was decided that the parade would be far more than a historical look at our country. The moving pageantry would also recreate memorable moments, such as the first Thanksgiving, Sunday in the park, school days, and many other events. Important American creations and contributions, such as transportation achievements, and inventions like the light bulb, electric iron, and the phonograph, would also be featured. Our beloved pastimes and ways of life including sporting events, popcorn, hot dogs, ice cream, television, movies, and the circus would also become highlights of America on Parade.
When both blueprints and models of the America On Parade stages and settings were completed, the Disney team brought together all the top set design manufacturers in the United States and presented them with the parade plans. These professional theatrical builders, with broad experience in building everything from elaborate floats for the New Year's Day "Tournament of Roses" Parade to grandiose sets for motion pictures and Las Vegas shows, expressed great excitement about America on Parade. After construction contracts were awarded to several firms, work began from coast-to-coast—from Pacoima, California to New York City. Other stages and settings were built in Las Vegas, Nevada and cities in Florida... Orlando, Deland, and Grant.
Because two of everything had to be built for the double production in California and Florida close coordination of all shipping activities was necessary to avoid delays and mix-ups.
Before reaching their final destination, some of the stages had to travel over 3,000 miles.
One of the most interesting aspects of America on Parade was the soundtrack that was created using a restored 1890 band organ. The “Sadie Mae” was discovered in Sikeston, Missouri, and after over 1400 hours of restoration work, it was sent to a Nashville studio where the parade music was recorded. The musical arrangements for America on Parade were done by Don Dorsey, who would go on to produce the music for such theme park spectaculars as the Main Street Electrical Parade and Illuminations: Reflections of Earth. Dorsey’s contributions were especially significant, as they ultimately led to the creation of the Mickey Track computer system that synchronized the parade’s audio between floats and parade zones throughout the park.
In addition, Disney musical veterans the Sherman Brothers wrote and composed a new song, “The Glorious Fourth,” to be the musical centerpiece of the pageant.
Much in the way that attractions like Small World and Pirates of the Caribbean were unique for presenting non-Disney character related entertainment, so was the People of America portion of America on Parade distinct and notable. With its highly stylized designs and nostalgic musical accompaniments, it remains a memorable presentation from Walt Disney World's first decade.